history and evolution of cataract surgery

History and Evolution of Cataract Surgery 


Cataract surgery is a surgical procedure that removes a clouded lens from the eye and replaces it with an artificial lens implant. This is done to enhance the patient’s eyesight and restore clarity.

A cataract can seriously impair one’s vision, affecting daily tasks such as driving, reading, and even recognizing faces. Furthermore, untreated cataracts can result in blindness. Therefore, undergoing surgery can be a necessary operation as it can considerably enhance a patient’s quality of life.

Historical Background of Cataract Surgery

Ancient cataract surgery techniques:

Cataract surgery is one of the earliest known medical techniques, with evidence reaching back to antiquity. In fact, one of the first accounts of cataract surgery may be found in the Susruta Samhita, an ancient Indian literature written in Sanskrit that describes a procedure that involves pushing the lens aside with a curved needle.

Development of cataract surgery techniques in the 16th-18th centuries:

Advances in anatomy and surgical procedures led to the creation of novel cataract surgery techniques throughout the Renaissance period. The Italian physician Antonio Scarpa reported a technique for removing the whole lens in the 16th century, while the French surgeon Jacques Daviel discovered a technique for eliminating cataracts by making a tiny incision in the cornea in the 18th century.

Advancements in cataract surgery techniques in the 19th-20th centuries:

Advances in anesthetic and aseptic procedures in the nineteenth century opened the path for safer and more successful cataract surgery. The introduction of novel surgical equipment and procedures, including phacoemulsification, which utilizes ultrasonic energy to break up the cataract and remove it through a tiny incision, revolutionized cataract surgery in the twentieth century.

Modern cataract surgery techniques

In recent years, modern cataract surgery procedures have evolved substantially, making the process much safer and more successful.

The most frequent contemporary cataract surgery approach is phacoemulsification, which involves creating a tiny incision in the cornea and breaking apart the hazy lens using ultrasonic waves. Suction is used to remove the components from the eye, and an intraocular lens (IOL) is implanted in its place.

Another modern cataract surgery approach is laser-assisted cataract surgery, which employs a laser instead of ultrasonic waves to form incisions and break up the lens. Although this technique is less invasive and more precise, it may not be available or required for all patients.

Intraocular lens implants have also evolved tremendously, with patients now having a wide range of alternatives based on their unique needs and preferences. Some lenses are intended to correct astigmatism, while others are multifocal and can assist patients in seeing at varied distances without the use of glasses.


Cataract surgery has improved significantly throughout the decades, from ancient treatments using sharp objects to current ones utilizing advanced technology and instruments. Cataract surgery is now a safe and effective procedure to restore eyesight to patients who have cataracts. If you are having cataract symptoms, you should visit an expert eye specialist near you to establish the best course of therapy for your specific requirements. Don’t allow cataracts to interfere with your quality of life; arrange a consultation with an eye surgeon to learn more about your cataract surgery choices.

Looking for a trusted and experienced eye care center to get cataract surgery in Calgary? Look no further than Seema Eye Care Centre. Our team of highly skilled ophthalmologists and advanced technology ensure the safest and most effective cataract surgery experience for our patients. 

We offer a range of modern cataract surgery techniques, including phacoemulsification and laser-assisted surgery, as well as a variety of intraocular lens options to fit your unique needs. Don’t let cataracts hold you back from living your life to the fullest. Schedule a consultation with our eye surgeon in Calgary today and let us help you see the world clearly again.